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Account manager at Triare
The market for mobile applications has been growing rapidly in recent years. It was possible to note the growing interest in the market from the companies, individual entrepreneurs, and IT professionals. In this regard, determining the best language for app development can contribute to the quality of the offered solutions.
Before considering the most popular app development language, it is crucial to contemplate the main types of apps developed today.
Mobile apps commonly fall into one of the three main categories, namely native apps, cross-platform apps, and web apps.
Creating an app for a specific platform, such as Android or iOS, puts it in the category of native apps. Operating systems have their languages used for coding native apps. For instance, the languages required for the native app development on an iOS are Swift or Objective C. Native app development contributes to better performance because of the simpler code base and improves user experience through customization via the UI/UX components. At the same time, such apps require more time for development by qualified specialists, as well as separate code bases for adding new features.
Web apps or progressive web apps run in a web browser with an interface and design resembling native apps. The progressive web apps support installation on mobile devices, offline mode, and the use of specific hardware features, such as camera and GPS. Despite its inherent benefits including accessibility on various devices and faster loading speed, these apps face limitations related to operating systems, hardware, and limited support.
When considering the best programming language for mobile app development, it is possible to assess them based on their global use rankings.
Many refer to Java as the best coding language for app development based on its features. It has the most open-source projects completed by developers. Java is robust and powerful from the standpoint of its capabilities. The most common use for Java is the development of apps for Android. At the same time, the programming language also allows the development of iOS apps. Android has a range of development tools for Java.
Swift managed to surpass Objective C as the primary app development language for iOS after its introduction by Apple. The developers prefer Swift for making iPhone and iPad apps because of its relative simplicity, readability, and safety. Furthermore, Swift is an interactive language that allows seeing the output during the coding stage. Such an approach contributes to the efficiency of the iOS development workflow. Furthermore, Swift also allows minimization of the potential security risks associated with Objective-C.
Kotlin is a relatively new language set as a potential alternative to Java because of its innovative nature and relative stability. It also contributes to higher levels of productivity. Google created Kotlin to become the official language for Android app development. Android Studio and IntelliJ IDEA offer support to Kotlin in addition to the native support available. The language may continue competing with Java given a substantial promotion by Google.
While it is clear which programming language is used for mobile app development, depending on its characteristics, it remains unclear which one holds the “best” title. It may be difficult to determine the language for developing a custom delivery app or an education app. The answer lies in choosing the right programming language, rather than the best one. Using practical and popular language simplifies the development process. TRIARE offers insights and is ready to help whenever the time comes to turn the idea into reality.